' The Greatest Generation'

Officially done by order of the Navy. Typically slanted capitals done on either side of the number. Impressed naming on a Sampson medal. Navy Specially Meritorious Service Medal. USMC Good Conduct Medal engraving. 1930's Purple Heart hand engraved naming as issued to WWI (and earlier) recipients. Purple Hearts Reunited received Ernest H. Wright’s lost Purple Heart from a woman in New York. The veteran had no known relation to this woman’s family, but was somehow acquired over the years. The medal is a Type 1A (1932-1940), WWI-era Purple Heart, with the serial number “32823.” There were. The National Purple Heart Hall of Honor offers visitors an incredible journey through military history as well as reminders of human sacrifice and the cost of freedom. We invite you to visit our 7500 square foot facility in New York's Hudson River Valley. Philadelphia jeweler, produced 24 Purple Hearts-. August 16, 1938 (5000 Purple Hearts, # 63,001 through. Probably began with serial number 40,025 (this.

Corporal Lacy John Jr.,USMC
serial #307800
Co.B,1st Bn.,25th Marines,4th Marine Div.
KIA:25 July,1944,Tinian Island
From: Red Springs,North Carolina
Silver Star Awardee

Pfc.Alvin W.Pearson,USMCR
Co.K,24th Marines,4th Marine Div.
KIA:2 March,1945,Iwo Jima,Volcanic Islands
From:Millers Creek,North Carolina

1st.Sgt.Willis G.Peele

1st.Sgt.Willis G.Peele
serial #34030988
enlisted:3 March,1941
4454th Quartermaster
KIA:21 March,1945
From:Alamance County,North Carolina

Pfc.Grover C.St.John

Pfc.Grover C.St.John
168thChemical Smoke Generating Company
Wounded in Action
From:Lenoir,North Carolina

Corp.Ray E.Thompson

Corp.Ray E.Thompson
Co.L,119th inf.regt.
30th Div.
From:Parkton,North Carolina

Tec.5 William P.Long

Tec.5 William P.Long
44th Armored Inf.Bn.
6th Armored Div.
KIA:16 Nov.1944
From:Lincolnton,North Carolina
*My Father also served in the 44th Armored Inf.Bn in WWII.

S/Sgt. Charles W.Willet

S/Sgt.Charles W.Willet
96thBomb Group,2nd Bomb Squadron
15th Air Force
KIA:22 August,1944
From:Kinston,North Carolina

Pvt.Cecil G.Pugh

Pvt.Cecil G.Pugh
Birth:20 May 1919
116th inf.regt.
KIA:25 August,1944
From:Pleasant Garden,North Carolina

ARM3c Ralph T.Robinette USNR

ARM3c Ralph T.Robinette USNR
TBM Avenger radio man-gunner
Torpedo Squadron 13
USS Franklin
KIA: 5 August,1944 Chichi Jima Harbor in Aerial Combat
From:Mt.Pleasant,North Carolina

Col.George W.Gillette

Col.George W.Gillette
Silver Star Awardee for WWI
with Co.A Corps of Engineers
North Carolina National Guard
Assigned To Washington,DC WWII
From:North Carolina

CMM Neil McKeller USN

Chief Machinist Mate Neil McKeller USN
USS Kanawha AO-1
KIA:8 April 1944 Tulagi Harbor
From:Maxton,North Carolina

Pfc.David M.Sikes USMCR

Pfc.David M.Sikes USMCR
Co.E 25th Marines
4th Marine Div.
KIA:6-7 July 1944 Saipan
Born: Asheville,North Carolina

Flight Officer Louis N.McGranahan

Flight Officer Louis N.McGranahan
Co-Pilot B-17
750th Bomb Group
447th Bomb Squadron
KIA: 14 June 1944
From:Durham,North Carolina

S2c Junior R Carrick USNR

S2c Junior R.Carrick USNR
USS Aaron Ward
KIA: 3 May 1945 off Florida Island
From: High Point,North Carolina

Pfc.L.J.Martin USMC

Pfc.L.J.Martin USMC
Hq.Co.2nd Bn.25th Marines
4th Marine Div.
KIA: 9 July 1944 Saipan
From:Winston-Salem,North Carolina

CY Leon H.Goforth USNR

Chief Yeoman Leon H.Goforth
USS Barbel(SS-316) Submarine
KIA: 4 Feb.1945 sank off southwest of Palawan Island
FOD: 19 Feb.1946
From:Winston-Salem,North Carolina

Pfc.Morris E.Whitfield USMCR

Pfc.Morris E.Whitfield USMCR
31st.Replacement Draft.
5th Marine Div.
KIA: 19 Feb.1945 D-Day on Iwo Jima,Volcanic Islands
From:Greensboro,North Carolina

The Jones Brothers from Wilmington,North Carolina
Oscar and Aubrey

Coxswain Oscar R.Jones USNR
KIA: 14 August 1944 sank off Falmouth United Kingdom
From:Wilmington,North Carolina
Brother of Aubrey A.Jones
S/Sgt.Aubrey A.Jones
120th inf regt 30th Div.
KIA: 11 July 1944 France
From:Wilmington,North Carolina
Brother of Oscar R.Jones
Pvt.William E.Everett
Btry.B 602nd Field Artillery Bn.(PK) Glider
1st ABN.Task Force
Operation Dragoon-Glider Assault
KIA:29 September 1944 in the vincinity of Cabrelles France
From:Gates,North Carolina

'Day of Infamy' December 7,1941 Pearl Harbor
GM1c Wilson Woodrow Hilton USN

Gunners Mate 1c Wilson W.Hilton USN
USS Arizona Pearl Harbor
KIA: 7 December 7 1941
From:Vale,North Carolina

T/SGT.Howard T.Hart

T/SGT.Howard T.Hart
413th inf.regt.
104th Div.
KIA: 24-25 Feb.1945

Pvt.Jack D.McKinney

Pvt.Jack D.McKinney
3rd Signal Co.
3rd Inf Div
KIA:22 Dec.1943
Birth 10 Sept.1920 Mitchell Co.,North Carolina

Cpl.James T.Coe

Cpl.James T.Coe
18th inf regt
1st inf Div
KIA: 3 August 1943 Battle for Troina,Italy
From:Surry Co.,North Carolina

Corp.Jimmy l.Colagerakis USMCR
Silver Star Awardee

Corp.Jimmy L.Colagerakis
Co.F 2ndBn 24thMarines
4th Marine Div.
Born: 17 Nov.1924 Asheville,North Carolina
KIA: 9 July 1944 Saipan
Siver Star awardee 15 June-9 July 1944 Saipan
'This Silver Star was rescued from a trash pile
after being thrown away.'
Purple Heart location unknown

2nd.Lt.Harvey L.Eakes

2nd.Lt.Harvey L.Eakes
serial# 0-886250
Pilot P-47D Fighter
82nd Fighter Squadron-78th.Fighter Group
KIA: hit by Flak near St.Valery
From: Oxford,North Carolina

Pvt.John H.Hutchins

Pvt.John H.Hutchins
1st.Bn. 117th. inf regt
30th Inf.Div.
KIA: 7 August 1944 Northern France
Born: 13 September 1917 Mocksville,North Carolina

Pvt.Clyde P.Hayes

Pvt.Clyde P.Hayes
509th Parachute Bn.
KIA: 29 Feburary 1944
Born:Fairmont,North Carolina

S/Sgt.Paul J.Icard

S/Sgt.Paul J.Icard
20th Armored Inf.Bn.
10th Armored Div.
KIA: 6 March 1945
Born: 6 May 1913 Newton,North Carolina

Pvt.Mack D.Morrow

Pvt.Mack D.Morrow
serial# 34897852
7th Inf Regt
3rd Inf.Div.
KIA: 8 January 1945
From:Burke Co.North Carolina

Pvt.Lawrence P.Burkett

Pvt.Lawrence P.Burkett
Co.A 357th inf regt
90th Inf Div.
KIA: 11 December 1944 Dellingen Forest Saar Valley
Born: Ashe County,North Carolina

Tec 3 Joseph W.Hutton

Tec 3 Joseph W.Hutton
Medical Department
Captured 9 August 1944 France
Released: 2 May 1945 Germany
From: Greensboro,North Carolina

Raymond S.Ward


Raymond S.Ward
89th Chemical Mortar Bn. Recon
From:Edenton,North Carolina

Pvt.Gilmer E.Chilton

Pvt.Gilmer E.Chilton
141st inf regt
36th Inf Div anti-tank unit
Captured:9 Sept.1944 France
POW Camp Stalag 7A Moosberg,Bavaria
From:Draper,North Carolina
After Action Report
Three (3) officers, incl C.O. of this Org with
four (4) Em went forward on a reconn patrol for the 3rd Plat which was to emplace forward. Patrol last seen in the vicinity of Piery, France at 1000. A patrol was formed from the 3rd Plat & went forward but no trace or clue to the fate of the reconn party could be found. AT co moved thru Besencon, France at 1045 & reached are near Pelansey France at 1215. 1st, 2nd Mine Plat, jd1st Plat & is now in the vicinity of Pelansey. 2nd Pat is atchd to 3rd Bn & 3rd Plat is with 1st Bn this regt.
(Cross, Harry E 0-1288010
1st) (661 N. Ross St. Waynesburg, Pa.)
(Reed, John C 0-1306469 1st) (HQ
1st Battalion) (1018 S 11th Place, Birminghan, Ala)
(Davis, Glenn M
0-1299703) (920 Elison Ave, Louisville Ky.)
Above three (3) offices fr
dy to MIA as of 9 Sept 1944
(James, Charlie C 38036273 S/Sgt)
(Route 1, Box 3, Vernon Tx.)
(Caudill, Ross 35268019 Pfc) (Dony,
(Chilton, Gilmer E. 34592295Pfc.) (Box 325, Draper
(Ryan, Walter R. 20848534 Pfc.) (Box 97, Gonzales,
Above four (4) EM fr dy to MIA as 9 Sept 1944

Sgt.Raymond C.Thornburg

Sgt.Raymond C.Thornburg
Tail Gunner/Engineer B-24
847th Bomb Squadron
392nd Bomb Group
KIA: 2 June 1944
From: Gaston Co.North Carolina

S/Sgt.William H.McBryde

S/Sgt.William H.McBryde
Left Waist Gunner B-24
506th Bomb Squadron 'The Flying Eight Balls'
44th Bomb Group
KIA: 2 Dec.1944 on Bombing Run to Bingen Marshalling yards
From: Red Springs,North Carolina
Purple Heart location unknown

Sgt.Leon E.Kelly

Sgt.Leon E.Kelly
Top Turrent Gunner/Engineer B-24 'Little Jo'
448th Bomb Group
KIA: 21-22 Nov.1944 near German Coast shot down by a
ME 262
From: Richmond Co.,North Carolina
Purple Heart location unknown

S/Sgt.Hulon O.Briggs

Kumpulan Serial Number Idm

S/Sgt.Hulon O.Briggs
Top Turrent Gunner B-24
453rd Bomb Group
8th Air Force
30 Missions Completed
From:Graham,North Carolina

T/Sgt.Charles A.Sheffield

T/Sgt.Charles A.Sheffield
306th Bomb Group
Prisoner of War
Stalag 17B
From:North Carolina

Pvt.Joseph B.F.Barnwell

Pvt.Joseph B.F.Barnwell
Co.L 39th inf regt
9th Inf Div
KIA: 21 June 1944 Cherbourg France
From: Burlington,North Carolina

Pvt. Homer L.Cox

Pvt.Homer L.Cox
31st Inf Div
KIA: 6 May 1945 Philippine Islands
From: Ramsuer North Carolina

Cpl.Leighton H.Evans

Cpl.Leighton H.Evans
60th Armored Inf Bn
KIA: 16 March 1945
From: Graham North Carolina

2Lt.Robert G.Jones 'Jonesy'

2Lt.Robert G.Jones 'Jonesy'
serial# 0-810382
Fighter Pilot P-47 Thunderbolt
512th Fighter Squadron
406th Fighter Group
KIA: 6 August 1944 over France
'Jonesy' had two confirmed Kills
From: Fayetteville,North Carolina

Pvt.William J.Shields

Pvt.William J.Shields
16th inf regt
1st Inf Div
KIA:22 March 1945
From:Tryon,North Carolina

Pfc Wilby A Abernathy

Pfc Wilby A Abernathy
Ordnance Department
interned at Davao POW camp Philippines
and died on the Japanese Hellship Shinyo Maru
on 7 September 1944
From: Wilson,North Carolina

2Lt.Charles L Presson

2 Lt.Charles L Presson
Pilot B-24
328th Bomb Squadron
93 Bomb Group
KIA: 3 Feburary 1944 Hit during raid on Wilhelmshayen Germany,He nursed the plane back to England but died in the crash landing
Born: 1916 Mecklenburg Co.North Carolina

Pvt.Bennie Goodman

Pvt.Bennie Goodman
Co.C 820th Tank Destroyer Batt.
KIA: 23 December 1944 Belgium
From: Monroe North Carolina

Pfc Mark Grant

Pfc Mark Grant
Co.K 382nd inf regt
96th Div
KIA: 20 October 1944 Manilla Philippines
From: Richmond Co. North Carolina

Pfc Garland M Hunter

Pfc Garland M Hunter
363rd inf regt
91st Inf Div
KIA: 12 June 1944 Italy
From: Mt.Airy,North Carolina

Tech 5 Zalph H Andrews

Tech 5 Zalph H Andrews
329th inf regt
83rd Div
KIA: 5 July 1944 France
From: Durham Co.North Carolina

Sgt Charles R Hedge

Sgt Charles R Hedge
11th Bombardment Squadron
7th Bombardment Group
KIA: 3 January 1942 Secret mission to Bomb Lashio,Burma retuning from raid
and crashed into mountain side on way to bomb Kunming,China
From: Henderson North Carolina

S/sgt Howard L Henson

S/sgt Howard L Henson
362 inf regt
91st inf div
KIA: 14 September 1944
From: North Carolina

Pvt Spencer Campbell

Pvt Spencer Campbell
351st inf regt
88th Div
KIA: 10 July 1944 Laiatico Italy
From: Lowgap North Carolina

Pvt Connie L Foust

Pvt Connie L Foust
330th inf regt
83rd Div
KIA: 28 June 1944 France
From: Alamance Co.North Carolina

Sgt Paul H Middleton

Sgt Paul H Middleton
381st inf regt
96th Inf Div
KIA: 12 April 1945 Okinawa
From:Mecklenburg Co.North Carolina

Sgt Donald E Williams

Sgt Donald E Williams
115th inf regt
29th Div
KIA: 27 August 1944
From: Wake Co North Carolina

Sgt John W Roberts

Serial Number Idm

Sgt John W Roberts
48th Tank Battalion
14th Armored Div
KIA: 11 January 1945
From: Pasquotank Co.North Carolina

Pvt Arthur Taylor

Pvt Arthur Taylor
serial# 34430650
Coastal Artillery Corps
Birth: 30 June 1923 Burnsville, Yancey Co.North Carolina
KIA: 30 December 1943

2nd Lt.James R.Jones

2nd Lt.James R.Jones
B-24 Co-Pilot 'My Aching Back'
serial# 0-811091
735th Bomb Squadron
453th Bomb Group
KIA: 8 April,1944 shot down near Henningen,Germany
From: Skyland,North Carolina
Purple Heart location unknown

Pfc.General Pershing Holland

Pfc.General Pershing Holland
Birth: 27 Feb.1919 Wade,North Carolina
Co.G,9th inf regt,2nd Inf.Div.
KIA: 26 July 1944 St.Lo,France
After training in Northern Ireland and Wales from October 1943 to June 1944, the 2nd Infantry Division crossed the channel to land on Omaha Beach on D plus 1, 7 June 1944, near St. Laurent-sur-Mer. Attacking across the Aure River, the Division liberated Trévières, 10 June, and proceeded to assault and secure Hill 192 which was repelled the key enemy strongpoint on the road to Saint-Lô. After three weeks of fortifying the position and by order of Commanding General Walter M. Robertson the order was given to take HILL 192. On 11 July under Command of Col. Ralph W.Zwicker 38th INF with the 9th and the 23rd by his side the battle started at 5:45 am. Using an artillery concept used in World War I (Rolling Thunder) which was the only time during World War II it was used and after 25,000 rounds of HE/WP the hill was taken. The Division went on the defensive until the 26th.

Pvt.John A.Teague,Jr.

Pvt.John A.Teague
service# 14068620
From: Reidsville,N.C.
433rd Anti-Aircraft Arty
Automatic Weapons Battalion
Died of Wounds: 7 Feb.,1944 Italy

EM3c Wesley Grove Yeatts

EM3c Wesley Grove Yeatts
service# 2627822 USN
KIA: 15 September 1942 on the USS Wasp
From: Reidsville,North Carolina
This is a New North Carolina grouping I picked to one of her Gallant Sailors.I got this group thru the generosity of the family
now letting me care for EM3c Yeatts.
On Tuesday, 15 September 1942, the carriers Wasp and Hornet and the North Carolina—with 10 other warships—were escorting the transports carrying the 7th Marine Regiment to Guadalcanal as reinforcements. Wasp had drawn the job of ready-duty carrier and was operating some 150 nmi (170 mi; 280 km) southeast of San Cristobal Island. Her gasoline system was in use, as planes were being refueled and rearmed for antisubmarine patrol missions; and Wasp had been at general quarters from an hour before sunrise until the time when the morning search returned to the ship at 10:00. Thereafter, the ship was in condition 2, with the air department at flight quarters. There was no contact with the Japanese during the day, with the exception of a Japanese four-engined flying boat downed by a Wasp Wildcat at 12:15.
About 14:20, the carrier turned into the wind to launch eight Wildcats and 18 Dauntlesses and to recover eight Wildcats and three Dauntlesses that had been airborne since before noon. Lt. (jg) Roland H. Kenton, USNR, flying a F4F3 of VF-71 was the last aircraft off the deck of the Wasp. The ship rapidly completed the recovery of the 11 planes, she then turned easily to starboard, the ship heeling slightly as the course change was made. At 14:44 a lookout reported 'three torpedoes ... three points forward of the starboard beam'.
A spread of six Type 95 torpedoes were fired at Wasp at about 14:44 from the tubes of the B1 TypeJapanese submarine I-19. Wasp put over her rudder hard to starboard, but it was too late. Three torpedoes struck in quick succession about 14:45; one actually broached, left the water, and struck the ship slightly above the waterline. All hit in the vicinity of gasoline tanks and magazines. Two of the spread of torpedoes passed ahead of Wasp and were observed passing astern of Helena before sO'Brien was hit by one at 14:51 while maneuvering to avoid the other. The sixth torpedo passed either astern or under Wasp, narrowly missed Lansdowne in Wasp's screen about 14:48, was seen by Mustin in North Carolina's screen about 14:50, and struck North Carolina about 14:52.[2]
There was a rapid succession of explosions in the forward part of the ship. Aircraft on the flight and hangar decks were thrown about and dropped on the deck with such force that landing gears snapped. Planes suspended in the hangar overheads fell and landed upon those on the hangar deck; fires broke out almost simultaneously in the hangar and below decks. Soon, the heat of the intense gasoline fires detonated the ready ammunition at the forward anti-aircraft guns on the starboard side, and fragments showered the forward part of the ship. The number two 1.1 in (28 mm) mount was blown overboard.
Water mains in the forward part of the ship had been rendered inoperable: there was no water available to fight the fire forward, and the fires continued to set off ammunition, bombs, and gasoline. As the ship listed between 10 and 15 degrees to starboard, oil and gasoline, released from the tanks by the torpedo hit, caught fire on the water.
Captain Sherman slowed to 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h), ordering the rudder put to port to try to get the wind on the starboard bow; he then went astern with right rudder until the wind was on the starboard quarter, in an attempt to keep the fire forward. At that point, flames made the central station unusable, and communication circuits went dead. Soon, a serious gasoline fire broke out in the forward portion of the hangar; within 24 minutes of the initial attack, there were three additional major gasoline vapor explosions. Ten minutes later Captain Sherman decided to abandon ship, as all fire-fighting was proving ineffectual. The survivors would have to be disembarked quickly to minimise loss of life.
After consulting with Rear AdmiralLeigh Noyes, Captain Sherman ordered 'abandon ship' at 15:20. All badly injured men were lowered into rafts or rubber boats. Many unwounded men had to abandon from aft because the forward fires were burning with such intensity. The departure, as Captain Sherman observed it, looked 'orderly'[citation needed], and there was no panic. The only delays occurred when many men showed reluctance to leave until all the wounded had been taken off. The abandonment took nearly 40 minutes, and at 16:00—satisfied that no one was left on board—Captain Sherman abandoned the ship.
Although the submarine hazard caused the accompanying destroyers to lie well clear or to shift position, they carried out rescue operations until Laffey, Lansdowne, Helena, and Salt Lake City had 1,946 men embarked. The fires on Wasp, drifting, traveled aft and there were four violent explosions at nightfall. Lansdowne was ordered to torpedo the carrier and stand by until she was sunk. Lansdowne's Mark 15 torpedoes had the same unrecognized flaws reported for the Mark 14 torpedo. The first two torpedoes were fired perfectly, but did not explode, leaving Lansdowne with only three more. The magnetic influence exploders on these were disabled and the depth set at 10 ft (3.0 m). All three detonated, but Wasp remained afloat for some time, sinking at 21:00.[3] 193 men had died during the attack

AMM2c Robert H.Welch

AMM2c Robert H.Welch USN
Born:16 April 1920 Waynesville,N.C.
Patrol Squdaron 42
MIA: 9 May 1942 On a Patrol out of Dutch Harbour Alaska
Crew on a PBY-5A

1st lt.William A.Poole

1st Lt.William A.Poole
Born:16 January 1920
Fayetteville,North Carolina
Navigator B-17 'The Captain and his
68th Bomb Group/ 44th Bomb Squadron
KIA: 16 Febuary 1943 attack on
the German 'Raider'Ship Togo Dunkirk,France
The target for this hurried afternoon mission was a German Raider thought to be the Togo, which was
found on the morning reconnaissance flight. It was thought that the ship was ready to slip
out at any time to raid Allied shipping. Crews were hurriedly called and briefed, with 17 planes
of the 44th BG soon airborne. They rendezvoused with aircraft of the 329th Squadron, 93rd BG,
and were led by the 67th Squadron's Captain Cullen and the C.O. of the 67th Squadron, Major
Donald W. MacDonald, as the formation's Command Pilot. Two aircraft were lost. A third
crash-landed on the beach south of Ramsgate.
The following comments were filed by Major H. M. Light, 'The airplane that I was on
did not get any major flak damage and the pilot, Lt. John H. Diehl, spotted Lt. Oliphant and slowed
up for him, as well as another ship piloted by Capt. Thomas Cramer, who a few minutes latermanaged to crash-land his plane
on the British beach. Lt. Oliphant was slowly losing altitude when coming off the target. Then all of a sudden several
FW 190s came out of the sun and started in on us. The sun blinded and hindered our gunners from firing. I operated my nose gun
and only got about three bursts at them. My navigator, Lt. George Kelley, only got off about the same number of shots with his side nose gun. The Jerries did a good job because they had us completely bewildered. On the first pass they got one of Cramer's engines; on the second pass they got another of his engines and set fire to one of Oliphant's. Then, on subsequent passes, the enemy fighters got a
third engine on Cramer's and another on Oliphant's. At about half way between France and England, while still over the Channel, I
noticed the engines afire on the left side of Oliphant's aircraft, and I also saw the nose of that ship filled with swirling flames. Then
it looked like the fire swept back to the cockpit. Next thing I saw was the ship going down towards the sea. I did not see the plane strike the water but our tail gunner, Sgt. Milford Spears,stated over the interphone that the plane exploded as it hit the water. I did not see any chutes.
'We protected Capt. Cramer on in to the beach so he could crash-land, and he did a magnificent job of it. Before he got to shore he told his crew that anyone could bail out that wanted to, so Lt.Robert Flynn, Lt. Poole and the engineer, Sgt. John Crump, did so, but at too-low an altitude,and all three were killed. (See below.) Our ship had gotten through the battle with only a few flak and bullet holes when all 'heck' broke loose as the British shore guns opened fire on us and we were almost shot down over the English coast. We had fair fighter protection some of the way, but they didn't help very much because of the brillant sun.
Sq., #41-23800 Y, Cramer THE CAPTAIN AND THE KIDS
68th Squadron Crewmen Who Remained in the Aircraft
CRAMER, THOMAS R. Pilot Capt. ASN 0-23925
HUGHES, W. D. Co-pilot 2nd Lt.
HOGAN, HARRY C. Radio Oper. T/Sgt.
GATES, W. J. RW Gunner S/Sgt.
MacCAMMOND, JAMES A. LW Gunner Sgt. Slightly wounded
Squadron Crewmen Who Bailed Out: All KIA
POOLE, WILLIAM A. Navigator 1st Lt. Fayetteville,ASN 0-789500 KIA North Carolina
FLYNN, ROBERT K. Bombardier lst Lt.
ASN 0-727327 KIA Blair, Nebraska
CRUMP, JOHN W. Engineer T/Sgt. Nashville,TN. ASN 36318179 KIA, WOM Cambridge
Three of the surviving crewmembers were later killed in action: Capt. Thomas Cramer (2 July 1943
T/Sgt. Harry Hogan (15 June 1943), and Sgt. Charles McMackin (1 August 1943).
This aircraft, too, was damaged by the flak over Dunkirk at approximately 1540 hours, being hit in #4 engine, which
was feathered immediately. The same hit also crippled the bomb release mechanism, the hydraulic system and portions of the
oxygen system. Three FW 190s, reported aspainted gray with yellow noses, attacked in a line from astern, from near nine o'clock. One of these enemy aircraft was claimed as destroyed by right waist gunner, Sgt. McMackin. During these attacks, some small holes, either from 20-mm shells or machine guns bullets, developed in the intake manifold of #2 engine. Too, about this same time, a 20-mm shell entered the cockpit,bursting just aft of the pilot, Captain T. R. Cramer, who was protected by the armor plated seat.
Two more 20-mm shells entered the waist position, one of which slightly wounded Sgt.MacCammond.A subsequent attack started a fire in #1 engine but this was extinguished temporarily, and #2 engine was feathered. About mid-channel, near 8,000 feet altitude, the third attack by three FW190s, also gray with yellow noses, occurred from 9 o'clock, level. The left waist gunner returned fire at about 1,000 yards but the enemy aircraft continued to close until near 300 yards, and then broke off. These three fighters had just attempted to finish off Lt. Oliphant's ship, which had been yawing badly. (This attack was not seen by Diehl's crew.) A few moments later #1 engine again caught fire and began to burn. At this same time Lt. Flynn, the bombardier, went out on the catwalk in the bomb bay and manually jettisoned the bombs.Then Lt. Flynn, Lt. Poole, and T/Sgt. Crump also bailed out by way of the open bomb bay. This sequence was observed by crewmembers in Lt. Diehl's aircraft.At 1615 hours, it became apparent to Capt. Cramer that his ship could not make base so he headed for the beach area. He succeeded in crash-landing on the beach 10 to 15 yards from thewater's edge. The landing was made without flaps or landing gear, but those on board were not injured seriously, and they soon managed to extinguish the fire in #1 engine.
Site of crash wasapproximately one mile south of Ramsgate.
Two bodies (Poole and Flynn) were recovered
immediately. Crump's body was never

Private William C. Henry

William C.Henry
325th Combat Engineers
100th Inf.Div.
KIA: 10 January 1945 Epinal,France
Born: Murphy,Cherokee Co.North Carolina

Pfc.Armon R Williams

Pfc.Armon R.Williams
DOB: 16 June 1921 Dunn,North Carolina
Co.L,397th Inf Regt 100th Div.
Served in WWII

Pvt Fred D Werner

Pvt.Fred D Werner
Birth: 1925 Cabarrus County,North Carolina
KIA: 15 November 1944 France
Co.L,397th Inf Regt
100th Inf Division

2nd Lt.James E.Rogers

2nd Lt.James E.Rogers Navigator B-24 #42-73194
493rd Squadron 7th Bomb Group 10th Air Force
KIA: 14 November,1943 Burma
They were part of a six plane formation on the way to bomb the town of Pakokku when they were attacked by fifteen to twenty Japanese fighters.Rogers' and two others were shot down.There were no survivors.The crew was buried at Zachary Taylor National Cemetery Section E163-164 on 27 September,1949.2nd Lt.Rogers hailed from Cabarrus Co.,North Carolina.

Captain Frank W Wolfe

Captain Frank W Wolfe
92nd Bomb Group 326th Bomb Squadron
Birth: 12 May 1921 Mecklenburg Co. North Carolina
KIA: 27 September 1944 Plane Crash over Arkansas when a Plane flying above him crashed into his plane.
He was a B-17 Pilot with over 25 combat missions.Participated in the Schweinfurt raids of 'Black Thursday' fame.He had survived three crash landings in Flying Fortresses and walked away from each one.

Pfc James A Page

Pfc James A Page
DOB: 25 November 1906
Caswell County,North Carolina
141st Inf Regt Medical Detachment
36th Inf Div.
KIA: 2 June 1944 Italy
The Regiment was
inducted into federal service on 25 November 1940 and was assigned to the 36th
Infantry Division. The 141st moved to Camp Bowie, Brownwood, Texas, the second
location for the camp of that name, on 27 December, 1940. Training continued in
Florida and North Carolina in 1942 and the regiment moved to Camp Edwards,
Massachusetts, in August, 1942. The regiment sailed from New York on April 1,
1943, arriving in North Africa on 13 April.

Bloody Salerno:

The first World War II amphibious assault in Europe
by any American division was by the 36th Division near Salerno (Paestum area),
Italy, on 9 September, 1943. Chaos on the beach led to terrible casualties to
the 141st. Coordination with naval gunfire was poor, allowing German artillery
and tanks to dominate the battlefield for the first hours. By September 18, the
Germans had abandoned their positions and the 141st was put in reserve. But the
fighting had been horrific.

San Pietro:
In the fighting for Highway Six - the Road to Rome
- in November, the 141st spent November and December, 1943, fighting to clear
the Mignano Gap. The Regiment assaulted San Pietro on December 15th . The old
Italian village was located on the slopes of a mountain, and, after three
attempts at assault, the 141st finally took the village when the 142d outflanked
the position. Soon they followed the First Special Service Force up Hill 730
after the capture of that position. The Germans called the 141st 'wild men from
Texas, skilled in fieldcraft and Fighting'.
Rapido River:

It was foot by foot, yard by yard, in January and
February, 1944, and then the 141st reached the River Rapido, a name that left a
bloody page in the records of the 141st and 143d. Terrible casualties resulted
as the Alamo Regiment attempted to force the stream, lacking boats, bridges and
artillery support. The 48 hours at the Rapido River cost the Regiment dearly.
And there still was fighting ahead, Monte Cassino. By the end of this campaign,
February 27th, platoons were reduced to squads, companies to platoon strength
and battalions to two hundred men.

Anzio and Velletri:

The 141st reinforced
the Fifth Army by landing at Anzio on May 22, 1944. After moving into the line,
the 141st, reinforced as a regimental combat team, began a full scale assault at
Velletri on June 1, 1944. By midnight it was a mop-up operation, but the town -
in a shambles - will live as another hard fought battle in the Regiment's
memory. And the capture of Velletri caused the German line south of Rome to
crumble. The Germans began to retreat, turning into a rout by June 4th and the
Regiment marched in triumph through Rome on the 5th. The Regiment had been in
combat for a total of 137 days, with 3,000 casualties in killed, wounded and

Pfc James A Davis

Pfc James A Davis
service # 34129657
DOB 19 October 1921
Gaston Co North Carolina
L Co. 157th inf regt
45th Div
KIA 12 November 1944
in the vicinity of Venafro

Pfc J L Bridges

Pfc J L Bridges
service # 14188402
DOB 1923
Cleveland Co North Carolina
253rd inf regt
63rd Div
KIA 24 Feb 1945

Pfc Paul F Deyton

Pfc Paul F Deyton
service # 34898291
DOB 4 November 1945
Yancey Co North Carolina
309th inf regt
78th Div
KIA 12 January 1945

Pfc Willard R Seymour

Pfc Willard R Seymour
service # 14037699
Coastal Artillery
From China Grove Rowan Co North Carolina
KIA 10 January 1942 ?? Corregidor Philippine Islands
Newspaper reports that Seymour was KIA while manning a machine gun on 29 Dec.1941 on Corregidor

Pfc Woodrow Wilson Everett

Pfc Woodrow Wilson Everett
Corporal TC
Birth 20 November 1913 North Carolina
Died 30 January 1960
Bronze Star & Purple Heart & OLC

Pfc Trueheart Fogg

Pfc Trueheart Fogg
DOB 13 July 1916
Hecks Grove North Carolina
Died Sept 1971
Brooklyn New York
Co G 366th inf regt
92nd Inf Div
Awarded the Silver Star for his actions 26 Dec 1944 in Italy

LCDR Lewis E Dixon

LCDR Lewis E Dixon
Birth: 26 August 1902
Kingston, North Carolina
USS Miantonomah
Sunk by enemy mines off Le Havre France
on 25 September 1944
USS Miantonomah
She was acquired by the United States Navy from her owner, Philadelphia & Norfolk Steamship Co., at Boston, Massachusetts on 5 May 1941; renamed Miantonomah on
14 May 1941; converted for U.S. Navy use as a coastal minelayer by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Co., East Boston, Massachusetts; and commissioned at Boston
on 13 November 1941, Lieutenant Commander Raymond D. Edwards in command.
Invasion of Europe operations

arrived Bristol, England on 16 May and began duty with the 12th Fleet. She
operated out of Bristol until D-Day, 6 June, when she steamed via Cardiff to Plymouth,
England. She continued dispatch and escort duties in British waters until arriving off Grandcamp, France on 25 June. There she embarked Rear AdmiralJohn E. Wilkes
and became flagship for CTF 125. She steamed to Cherbourg on 9 July, and on the 18th Admiral Wilkes hauled down his flag prior to Miantonomah's departure to England.
Arriving Plymouth, later that day, Miantonomah returned to Cherbourg
on the 20th carrying supplies for port clearance operations. For more than two
months, she made runs between English and liberated French ports and
provided valuable support for salvage and clearing operations. On 21 September,
she carried port clearance supplies from Cherbourg to Le Havre, which was liberated by sea and land less than two weeks before.
Sunk by a mine off the French coast

sailed early in the afternoon of the 25th. Because of the
danger of enemy mines, her skipper — Cdr. Austin E. Rowe — ordered 'the highest
state of watertight integrity to be set and all personnel not actually on watch
below to be on topside and wear lifejackets' — measures which undoubtedly saved
many lives. With a French harbor pilot at the conn, she skillfully navigated the
inner and outer harbors and cleared the blockships, thence made course for the entrance
to the marked channel. As she steamed about 2,000 yd (1,800 m) out
from the blockships, she was rocked at 14:15 by a tremendous underwater
explosion under the engine room. This blast — possibly followed by a second one
— dazed or injured practically the entire crew. Immediately, the stricken ship
began to sink rapidly by the stern and to starboard.
Damage control efforts proved useless, and as Coast Guard vessels, British motor launches, and a French fishing craft stood by to rescue survivors, her injured skipper ordered Miantonomah to be abandoned. She sank about 20 minutes after the explosion with a loss of some 58 officers and men.
RIP LCDR Lewis E Dixon

Technician 5th Class Jerry M Chadwick

Technician 5th Class US Army
Jerry M Chadwick
service# 34409624
55th Engineer Battalion
10th Armored Division
'The Tiger Division'
KIA 19 December 1944
From Onslow County North Carolina

The division, which served under General George S. Patton's Third Army, was activated on 15 July 1942, at Fort Benning, Georgia. The 10th Armored Division entered France through the port of Cherbourg, 23 September 1944, and put in a month of training at Teurtheville, France, before entering combat. Leaving Teurtheville, 25 October, the Division moved to Mars-la-Tourhere it entered combat, 2 November, in support of the XX Corps, containing enemy troops in the area. Later that month, the 10th participated in the capture of Metz. It was the first time in 1500 years that the ancient fortress at Metz fell. After fierce fighting, the 10th slammed into the vaunted Siegfried Line and led General George S. Patton's Third Army into Germany on 19 November 1944.
On 17 December 1944 the Allied tide of battle came to a halt. In the north, the Germans had launched their Ardennes Offensive later called The Battle of the Bulge. The 10th was the first
division to move north in an attempt to impede the German assault. Combat
Command A moved 75 miles in a single day, directly into the attack. The 10th
assumed responsibility to protect Luxembourg and the Third Army's right flank. Combat Command B was dispatched directly to Bastogne by Patton on 17 December 1944. At that time, the 101st Airborne Division was on respite in France; Combat Command B of the 10th Armored Division was the only combat unit defending Bastogne at the time. For over eight hours CCB held Bastogne alone, against
eight German Divisions. When the 101 Airborne Division arrived both military
outfits were surrounded and trapped. However CCB and the 101 Airborne Division
maintained a defensive posture and held until the German offensive burned out
several days later.
At the Conclusion of the battle, the 10th Armored Division's, 21st Tank
Battalion and Combat Command B were awarded the Presidential Unit
for their extraordinary heroism from 17 to 27 December
1944 Battle of the Bulge. The 101 Airborne Division was also honored with the
Presidential Unit Citation for their actions at Bastogne.
The 10th Armored Tigers played key roles in several of the war's greatest
battles, including Combat Command B's gallant defense of Bastogne. Years after
the war, General Anthony McAuliffe praised the men of the Tiger Division, noting that, 'In
my opinion, Combat Command B of the 10th Armored Division was never properly
credited with their important role in the Bastogne battle.'
A combat attack force was usually commanded by an Infantry battalion
commander or Tank battalion commander. The platoon leader was the combat
attack force engineer. In each combat attack force, when they moved out
to attack, the point party of the attack was usually set up this

Engineer Squad
Infantry Squad
Medium Tank
Medium Tank
In this operation, the infantry and the engineer squad rode in
half-tracks. It was important because the rumble of tanks always brought
artillery fire on it.

This can be described as typical unit operations and combat
methodology of the 55th AEB

Tech 4 Clay Y Macy

Tech 4 Clay Y Macy
serial# 34603753
Birth: Kernersville, North Carolina
Co A 737th Tank Battalion
'Patton's Spearheaders'
KIA: 15 March 1945
737th Tank Battalion
Info below taken from the 737th

Battalion History
Our unit
ranked high among the most decorated separate tank battalions fighting in Europe
during World War II. It received the Presidential Unit Citation from Harry
Truman, and the Croix de Guerre with Silver Star from the French Government, for
its action at Mortain France during August 10 - 13, 1944 -- and 22 commendations
from higher headquarters for excellent performance in other

'737' participated in all of the five major battles
(Normandy, Northern France, Ardennes-Alsace, Rhineland, and Central Europe).
During 299 days of actual combat members of the unit were awarded 2
Distinguished Service Crosses, 22 Silver Stars, 188 Bronze Stars, more than 400
purple hearts, and two Croix de Guerre's. Three enlisted men received
battlefield commissions.

The unit landed at Omaha Beach on July 12 and 13,
1944, assigned to the First Army. After the capture of Saint Lo in France, '737'
was transferred to the Third Army on August 6, 1944. Although it fought most of
the war with the Third Army, our battalion was briefly loaned to the First Army
again in April 1945 to help clean up the Ruhr Pocket that contained 317,000
German soldiers. This campaign started at Brilon and ended in Menden on the Ruhr
River. In five days '737' cleared 42 towns. One of our reconnaissance patrols
killed Lieutenant General Joachim Von Kortzfleisch, second in command to Field
Marshal Walter Model, when he tried to escape.

At times the battalion was badly mauled by some of
the best soldiers in the German Army. The Krauts destroyed 66 medium and 8 light
tanks. (A tank battalion has an initial strength of 59 medium tanks, 17 light
tanks, and 751 men.)

Combat took a heavy toll in manpower. Our unit had
6 officers and 58 enlisted men killed in action. One officer and 20 enlisted men
were reported missing. The names of one officer and two enlisted men are listed
on the wall in the Luxembourg Cemetery as soldiers 'who sleep in unknown

These losses were not without glory. When General
Patton was observing our troops at the Moselle River crossing he said 'that's
the way tanks should fight.'

General Patton sent a letter on 17 Nov 45 to the
officers and men of the 5th Infantry Division, to whom we were attached. He
wrote 'To my mind history does not record incidents of greater valor than your
assault crossings of the Sauer and the Rhine. You crossed so many rivers I am
persuaded many of you have web feet ...'

'737' was the first tank battalion of the Third
Army to cross the Moselle and Meurthe Rivers, the first armored unit in XII
Corps to touch German soil, and the first armored unit of the Third Army to
cross the Rhine River and enter Frankfurt. It ended the war in Czechoslovakia
(Sudetenland) after capturing Houzina, Volary and Winterberg.

One platoon of Company 'C', commanded by your
webmaster, liberated 118 Jewish girls in Volary on May 5, 1945. These young
ladies, with an average weight of 82 pounds, survived the 700 - kilometer Death
March that began in Poland on January 29 and lasted 97 days. The Death March
story has been dramatized on national

Another historical incident occurred in Volary --
the last official casualty in the ETO. A Czech-American citizen, Pfc Charles
Havlat of the 803rd Tank Destroyer Battalion, was killed when elements of the
11th Panzer Division ambushed his reconnaissance platoon 4 km northeast of the
town. This event took place at 0820 hours on May 7, about 10 minutes before the
'cease-fire' orders became effective. Your webmaster was at the

German occupation in Kreis Vilshofen was soon
interrupted by a reorganization into the 737th Amphibian Tractor Battalion. Our
unit moved to Camp Lucky Strike, France, and sailed from La Havre on the liberty
ship Timothy H. Dwight. Operation Olympic (invasion of the island of Kyushu) was
scrapped by the A-bomb, but the 737 went to Ford Ord, California, and trained
until deactivated on 15 Nov 1945.

Our Battalion was attached to three hard-fighting
outfits during and after the war:

35th Infantry

Germany, Czechoslovakia

5th Infantry
Infantry Division

S/sgt Willard G McGee

S/sgt Willard R McGee From: North Carolina
service # 14164976
562nd Bomb Squadron
388th Bomb Group
KIA: Mission to Berlin 6 March 1944
B-17 waist gunner on the 'Suzy Sagtitz' 42-31135
The B-17 was knocked down and both right engines were on fire,
the crew began to abandon and were successful except McGee

They had been shot down by Hauptmann Hugo Frey who flew in the 2./JG
1and from April 1943 as Staffelkapitan 7./JG 11. Frey had a total of 32
victories and was KIA himself on 3 June 1944 when his aircraft was

Copyright © Since 1988 Contact The American War Library Purple Heart References
The information on this website is in the public domain. No permission is required to quote, use, distribute or republish.

Common Myths About The Purple Heart Medal
(This Information Site is Continually Updated.)
Click here for the official Purple Heart Issue Regulations

  1. The PH medal can be awarded to anyone who is hurt in a war zone.

    Not true. The PH medal can legally be authorized to only three groups of personnel:

    1. One, those wounded or injured as a direct result of hostile enemy action.
    2. Second, those wounded or injured as a direct result of friendly fire (FF). (Broadly speaking, FF occurs only during a hostile encounter or initiative with, or in response to, an enemy when someone on your side mistakes you for the enemy.) Or when injured by your own non-projectile weapon (bayonet, sword, blunt instrument, etc.) or projectile weapons fire (bullet, explosive device, etc) while engaging, responding to or attacking an enemy.
    3. And third, POWs injured or wounded as a result of individually directed conflict or punishment with their captor in violation of any article of the Geneva Convention Rules of Warfare Concerning the Treatment of Prisoners of War whether or not the captor's government is a signatory to the Convention.
  2. All POWs are eligible for the PH.

    Not true. See Option Three in the above regulation.

  3. The type of wound/injury or degree of wound/injury is used as a factor in authorizing the PH.

    Not true. The amount/level/degree of a persons wound or injury is never a factor. When establishing the PH General George Washington made it absolutely clear that awarding/authorizing officers were not permitted to make personal judgments based on how more or less serious a wound or injury appeared, and that being wounded in combat -- by any degree -- was a true distinction of 'military merit'. Since General Washington's original decision no president, military or Congressional authority has found it necessary to change the PH's issue regulation policy . (See Also, Footnote 1; And the U.S. Army's history of the Purple Heart: http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/reference/PurHrt.htm.)

  4. A non-blood loss injury such as TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury) caused by IED concussion merits the Purple Heart.

    True. Any enemy inflicted wound, whether or not there is observable blood loss, merits the Purple Heart. (Invisible) brain injury caused by an enemy-inflicted concussion or blow, such as an IED explosin, that renders the serviceperson even temporarily incapacitated is a wound even though brain trauma is not is not immediately visible to the eye. Battlefield medics can, however, conduct a simple eye exam using a flashlight to determine optical (pupil dialation) response. Pupils that do not contract in response to light stimulus is indicative of a temporary or permanent brain injury/wound. More extensive brain injury/wound tests can be conducted by base hospital personnel.

  5. A person who accidentally shoots himself or is shot by a unit member while cleaning a weapon in a war zone can receive the PH.

    Not true. Accidental shootings that do not involve an engagement with an enemy are workplace accidents.

  6. Commanders (officer or enlisted) that are wounded or injured by subordinates or superiors (whether or not military weapons are used) in incidents commonly referred to as 'fragging' are eligible for the PH.

    Not true. 'Fraggings' are criminal incidents. They are neither enemy nor friendly fire related even if the motivation for the 'fragging' was due to a real-time or previous enemy-related situation.

  7. Injuries that don't break the skin or cause bleeding are not eligible for the PH.

    Not true. Any non-bleeding enemy inflicted or friendly fire wound or injury, such as electrical, gas, concussion, suffocation, etc., are PH-eligible.

  8. The PH cannot be awarded posthumously or after discharge from military service.

    Not true. The majority of (but not necessarily all) combat deaths are automatically awarded the PH. Enemy or FF injured/wounded veterans who did not receive the PH prior to their discharge may, if eligible, successfully petition their service department's Awards Branch for post-service award to a discharged veteran. The Military Records Center can only issue authorization for awards that were negligently not recorded on the Report of Separation, or those awards 'automatically' authorized by 'class-action' to a specified classification of personnel via Executive Order (such as the National Defense Service Medal, the Global War on Terrorism Medal(s), etc. (See URL: http:/www.americanwarlibrary.com/htom.htm).

    Please note that the each of the four (five during wartime) Service Branches (USA, USAF, USCG, USMC, USN) have their own Awards Branch. The Awards Branch is the ONLY legal agency that can authorize a post-service military award. Only in specific cases of a previously rejected application or recommendation can a Review Board authorize a post-service medal to a discharged veteran.

  9. A serviceperson can 'put themself in' for the PH.

    Not true. There is only one medal in the United States military inventory that allows a serviceperson to recommend him/herself. That medal is the Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal. No serviceperson can recommend themself (now or any time in the past) for the PH or any other medal.

  10. An injured/wounded person does not have to be seen by a doctor or medic to be eligible for the PH.

    Not true. Other than being wounded or injured by enemy or friendly fire, the serviceperson's wound/injury must be treated by a military or military certified medical person at the time or shortly after injury. 'Shortly' is defined as the first possible OR available opportunity while currently assigned in the war theater.

  11. A serviceperson can author his/her own After Action report that can be used solely as a basis for awarding a PH or other medal.

    Not true. A written or oral After Action report must either be personally authored OR personally verified/approved by the senior military person on the scene at the time of the incident. If the recipient was the most senior ranking person on the scene the awarding officer must ascertain confirmation from all other personnel (regardless of their rank) on the scene at the time of occurrence.

  12. A citation is always written for PH awards.

    Not true. Citations are very rarely written for PH awards.

  13. A display certificate is always issued for PH awards.

    Not true. Although Display Certificates are authorized, the military has never been obligated/required by Congress to issue a display certificate. Neither is the PH recipient due a display certificate. Display certificates issued to active duty personnel occurs only when the local command possesses certificates to issue. (Prior to 1995 the government was not required to issue a full-sized medal.) The only military display certificate required by Congress for mandatory issue is Medal of Honor. (For info on the PH replacement recognition, see this page: http://www.amervets.com/replacement/ph.htm)

  14. The government maintains a list of all PH recipients.

    Not true. The only military medal list authorized/budgeted by Congress is Medal of Honor. The only service branch that maintains a 'tape' of its PH recipients is the Marine Corps (due to the small size of the Corps). However, Marine Corps 'tapes' of PH recipients is neither required by Congress to be publicly accessible nor utilizable to confirm authorization or award eligibility.) Marine Corps 'tapes' are used solely for internal audit purposes. The Army, Air Forces, Navy and Coast Guard does not maintain a historic list of its PH recipients.

  15. The federal government must replace lost or stolen PH medals.

    Not true. Military medals are issued only one time. If a PH medal was never issued ONLY the recipient or a direct family member [if the recipient is infirm or deceased] may apply for a first-time issue. Replacement medals can by purchased from any military medal retailer. Only those replacement medals sold by retailers that meet official United States government specifications may/must state on their packaging that they are 'Official' medals.

  16. The only 'Official' PH medals are those issued by the government.

    Not true. The only metallic entity manufactured by the United States government for public distribution are currency coins. Military medals, like military weapons and other military equipment, are manufactured by private industry. See the above reference for information on the 'officiality' of U.S. military medals.

  17. Any family member may request a medal replacement.

    Not true. Military medals and information from veteran's military files can legally be requested only from the following individuals that are related to active military personnel (this includes Reservists and Guardspeople) and veterans: Parents, siblings, children. However, under the Freedom of Information Act other relatives are not completely excluded from applying for information if there are no other living relatives in the above-listed category (parents, siblings, children.)

  18. My Representative or Senator can get me the medal or record information I want... and get them faster than I can.

    Not true. (House of) Representatives and Senators should not be asked to assist in obtaining record information or medals unless their assistance is absolutely necessary in cases of disputes, irregularity, discrimination, or lack of response from the Records Center (which very rarely occurs. Although the Records Center in St. Louis MO is perpetually inundated with an overload of requests for medals or information, the Military Records Center has a long history of excellent responsiveness in fulfilling requests just as quickly as its limited budget and manpower availability [during wartime] permits.) Although some elected officials may offer themselves as advocates for record or medal retrieval during re-election seasons, authorized information or medal applicants can apply themselves using form SF-180. See URL: http:/www.americanwarlibrary.com/htomr.htm. (House of) Representatives and Senators are best utilized for issues that cannot be accomplished after all other efforts have failed.

  19. Employers must give hiring preference to PH recipients.

    Not true. Although many Local, State and Federal agencies do provide bonus job application 'points' to employment applicants. There is no federal law requiring private employers to give hiring preference to PH recipients.

  20. Employers can demand to see my DD-214 to verify I am a PH recipient.

    Not true. The only private employers who can ask to look at your DD-214 or Report of Separation are those whose job applications specifically ask you if you served in the military AND/OR if you have a service connected disability, Private employers that do not perform federal contract work may not legally retain a copy of your DD-214 in your employment file. However, private employers whose job applications do not ask if you served in the military are permitted to examine a copy of your DD-214 if you have responded or stated either orally or in your written resume that you served in the military.

  21. Anyone can possess a PH medal or PH certificate.

    True. However, it is a punishable federal offense to possess any military medal or medal certificate that you fraudulently claim you are the official recipient of. Anyone who falsely misrepresents or claims they are the legal recipient of a United States or foreign military medal or certificate is subject to severe prosecution and penalty. Family members and collectors may legally possess military medals and certificates authorized or awarded to legal recipients. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is authorized by Congress to investigate any case of military medal misrepresentation. The United States Attorneys Office under the United States Justice Department is authorized by Congress to prosecute cases of military medal defalcation to the fullest extent of current law.

  22. All military medals are issued with the name of the recipient engraved on the back of the medal.

    Not true. Only in very rare cases are medals officially issued with the engraved name of the recipient. However, recipients and family members are authorized to have medals engraved with the name of the legally authorized recipient. Medals currently issued by the Military Records Center and military units are not engraved except in very rare instances. Medal applicants may not, repeat not, request an engraved medal from the Records Center or any military branch. Engraving, when done, is done only rarely by those military commands that both possess engraving equipment and available personnel to perform the task.

  23. A 'V' for Valor can be awarded with a PH medal.

    Not true.

  24. If I find a PH medal that medal now belongs to me.

    Not true. Lost medals (or any other military item) remains the permanent property of the United States government. Found items should be mailed along with a letter identifying the finder and the location where the item was found to the following address:

    The Secretary of Defense
    Room 3E880
    The Pentagon
    Washington DC 20301

  25. If I find a PH medal it's okay for me to look for the owner.

    Not true. Found items should be mailed with a report to the address above.

  26. If I buy a PH medal that once belonged to a veteran I can ask the veteran or his family to compensate me for the money I spent when I return the medal to them.

    No. United States military medals hold an exalted place in our society. The military recipient of that medal gave part of him or herself. A good citizen should feel patriotic in restoring a lost item to a recipient. Whenever you see a pre-owned military medal being sold you should ask the seller to please return the medal to the Secretary of Defense at the address listed above.

  27. The VA has diagnosed I have PTSD. I am eligible for the PH.

    Not true. War related PTSD is a psychological-rooted condition that may or may not manifest physical symptoms based on a singular or multiple incidents resulting from real, imagined, or combination of real and imagined memories that an individual claims or believes they are unable (or unwilling) to resolve unless perpetual therapeutic and/or financial assistance is provided them. However, regardless of any physical ailments or manifestations associated with war-related PTSD this psychologically based condition is neither a wound nor injury caused by enemy or friendly fire. PTSD is a negative by-product of a human memory phenomenon that occurs normally but can some times be attached by the individual to an unwanted memory or series of conscious or unconscious memories that if obsessed can lead to physical symptoms such as irritability, sleeplessness, bedwetting, aberrant, unsociable or anti-social behavior, etc. PTSD is strictly an individual condition that is not shared by everyone experiencing the same or similar wartime incidents. That is, if all members of a platoon are shot at the same time by an enemy they will all suffer gunshot wounds. But if all members of a platoon experience a psychologically upsetting situation not all will later claim symptoms typically diagnosed as PTSD. Lastly, the physical symptoms claimed by PTSD petitioners were never medically certified at the time the claimant asserts precipitated them. Both the Department of Defense (DOD) and Congress have relied on objective scientific studies to conclude that PTSD is neither an enemy or friendly fire inflicted wound or injury. The Department of Veterans Affairs provides treatment and/or compensation for diagnosed cases of PTSD. No United States military medal has ever been established by DOD or Congress for post-service psychological based symptomatic disorders. Previous petitions by veterans or veterans groups to make this condition eligible for a new or existing medal were not approved.

  28. The VA has diagnosed I have Agent Orange (AO). I am eligible for the PH.

    Not true. AO was a herbicide used to defoliate dense vegetation to deny secluded transportation and refuge to the enemy. AO was never intended to be used, nor used, as an anti-personnel weapon. Advocates seeking to have their AO-related physical ailments judged as 'wounds or injuries of war' have irresponsibly and incorrectly subscribed (often deliberately) to the myth that all adverse physical conditions that can be directly attributed to a theater of war are eligible for the PH. Both the Department of Defense and Congress have relied on objective scientific studies to conclude that AO is neither an enemy or friendly fire inflicted wound or injury. The Department of Veterans Affairs provides treatment and/or compensation for diagnosed cases of herbicide-related toxicity. No United States military medal has ever been established by DOD or Congress for physical conditions that may be associated with herbicide contact. Previous petitions by veterans or veterans groups to make this condition eligible for a new or existing medal were not approved.

  29. A soldier in a war zone who is injured or wounded by the richochet of his own bullet, grenade, missile or fragment of either is eligible for the PH.

    True if the soldier was firing his weapon at an enemy. Not true if the soldier did not fire his weapon at the enemy.

  30. A soldier firing at an enemy in a war zone who is injured when the 'kick' of his rifle or gun recoils against him is eligible for the PH.

    Not true. When firing his weapon at the enemy it is the projectile (bullet, missile, etc) and not the rifle or gun butt that is the soldier's instrument intended to negate the success of an enemy. Soldiers are trained to prevent avoidable recoil injuries. Soldiers cannot be trained to avoid bullet ricochets. See the above regulation.

  31. A soldier who suffers injury while jumping off or out of a vehicle or structure to avoid being injured or captured by an enemy is eligible for the PH.

    Not true in a majority of cases. This type of injury is a generally classified as a 'workplace accident'. However, there are some minor circumstances depending on an enemy-involved incident that may render the injured eligible for the PH.

  32. A soldier who suffers injury from being blown out of or off a vehicle or structure as a result of enemy or friendly (fire) explosive concussion is eligible for the PH.

    True in all cases.

  33. A soldier wounded or injured by a secondary object (not a bullet or missile) during an enemy attack is eligible for the PH.

    True. Example: An enemy or friendly (fire) missile explosion during an egagement with the enemy knocks down a tree that falls on the soldier causing injury.

  34. The Purple Heart can be authorized to a member of the Merchant Marine.

    Not true. The Merchant Marine is a civilian agency. The Mariners Medal is the Merchant Marine's equivalent to the military Purple Heart.

Additional topics will be added as they are received.


Purple Heart Serial Number Lookup

  • The Purple Heart Discussion Forum
  • List of Purple Heart recipients (This is NOT a complete list. It is continually updated.)
  • Recipient Registry Application
  • Official Issue Regulations
  • How to Apply for Purple Heart authorization after you have left the military
  • Replacement Medal and Display Recognition
    The American War Library
    16907 Brighton Avenue
    Gardena CA 90247-5420
    (310) 532-0634

    a. The original Purple Heart, designated as the Badge of Military Merit, was established by General George Washington by order from his headquarters at Newburgh, New York, August 7, 1782. The writings of General Washington quoted in part:

    'The General ever desirous to cherish a virtuous ambition in his soldiers, as well as to foster and encourage every species of Military Merit, directs that whenever any singularly meritorious action is performed, the author of it shall be permitted to wear on his facings over the left breast, the figure of a heart in purple cloth or silk, edged with narrow lace or binding. Not only instances of unusual gallantry, but also of extraordinary fidelity and essential service in any way shall meet with a due reward'.

    b. So far as the known surviving records show, this honor badge was granted to only three men, all of them noncommissioned officers: Sergeant Daniel Bissell of the 2d Connecticut Regiment of the Continental Line; Sergeant William Brown of the 5th Connecticut Regiment of the Continental Line, and Sergeant Elijah Churchill of the 2d Continental Dragoons, which was also a Connecticut Regiment. The original Purple Heart depicted on the first page is a copy of the badge awarded to Sergeant Elijah Churchill and is now owned by the New Windsor Cantonment, National Temple Hill Association, PO Box 525, Vails Gate, NY 12584. The only other known original badge is the badge awarded to Sergeant William Brown and is in the possession of The Society of the Cincinnati, New Hampshire Branch but differs in design by not having any lettering embroidered on the heart and the leaves are at the top only with a larger spray of leaves at the base.

    c. Subsequent to the Revolution, the Order of the Purple Heart had fallen into disuse and no further awards were made. By Order of the President of the United States, the Purple Heart was revived on the 200th Anniversary of George Washington's birth, out of respect to his memory and military achievements, by War Department General Orders No. 3, dated 22 February 1932. The criteria was announced in War Department Circular dated 22 February 1932 and authorized award to soldiers, upon their request, who had been awarded the Meritorious Service Citation Certificate or were authorized to wear wound chevrons subsequent to 5 April 1917.

    d. During the early period of World War II (7 Dec 41 to 22 Sep 43), the Purple Heart was awarded both for wounds received in action against the enemy and for meritorious performance of duty. With the establishment of the Legion of Merit, by an Act of Congress, the practice of awarding the Purple Heart for meritorious service was discontinued. By Executive Order 9277, dated 3 December 1942, the decoration was extended to be applicable to all services and the order required that regulations of the Services be uniform in application as far as practicable. This executive order also authorized award only for wounds received.

    e. Executive Order 10409, dated 12 February 1952, revised authorizations to include the Service Secretaries subject to approval of the Secretary of Defense. Executive Order 11016, dated 25 April 1962, included provisions for posthumous award of the Purple Heart. Executive Order 12464, dated 23 February 1984, authorized award of the Purple Heart as a result of terrorist attacks or while serving as part of a peacekeeping force subsequent to 28 March 1973.

    f. The Senate approved an amendment to the 1985 Defense Authorization Bill on 13 June 1985, which changed the precedent from immediately above the Good Conduct Medal to immediately above the Meritorious Service Medals. Public Law 99-145 authorized the award for wounds received as a result of 'friendly fire'. Public Law 104-106 expanded the eligibility date, authorizing award of the Purple Heart to a former prisoner of war who was wounded before 25 April 1962.

    g. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year1998 (Public Law 105-85) changed the criteria to delete authorization for award of the Purple Heart Medal to any civilian national of the United States while serving under competent authority in any capacity with the Armed Forces. This change was effective 18 May 1998.

    h. Order of precedence and wear of decorations is contained in Army Regulation 670-1. Policy for awards, approving authority, supply, and issue of decorations is contained in AR 600-8-22.

    Contact Person for this posting: Roger Simpson, PIO
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